A very important step towards opening a dental office lies in acquiring all the necessary dental equipment. In this article, we review all the types of materials and utensils needed on a daily basis in a dental practice. If you are planning to open your own dental practice, want to renew a particular product line. We invite you to read the rest of this article.

Let’s start with the basic tools needed in a dental practice:

  • Mouth mirrors: The mirror is an essential dental instrument for exploring the patient’s oral cavity. Used both for direct and for indirect vision, but can also act as an oral separator. Its small size and great adaptability make it a basic dental instrument for a perfect operating vision.
  • Dental probes: Its an instrument that ends with a long and fine tip, mainly used to explore and examine gum pockets.
  • Dental clamps: A dental clamp is a basic instrument that can be used in dentistry for a multitude of tasks: it can be used to separate the tissues, hold them, suture them and carry small objects in or out of the oral cavity… Depending on the task, there are different types of forceps: surgical, ligature, haemostatic, …

Rotating instruments and small equipment

The rotary instruments are instruments that perform rotational movements at different speeds, allowing a dental cutter placed at the tip of the rotator to function. For it to be functional it must be connected to the pipes of the dental equipment. There are different connectors depending on the type of connection.

  • Dental Turbines: A dental turbine is a rotary instrument that is driven by air compression generated directly through the dental pipe unit. Of all the rotation materials used in dentistry, it is the one that has the highest rotation speed but the lowest torque. It is used for operations that require greater resistance to treatment, such as removing hard tissue from the tooth, when treating enamel or prosthetic material.
  • Micromotors: Micromotors are used for the treatment of semi-hard dental tissues. This instrument is connected to the pipes of the dental equipment with a variable connection system. Speed and torque are also variable. Two different types of instruments can be placed on the micromotor: handpiece and contra-angle.
  • Handpieces: are rotary instruments operating at lower speeds (between 20,000 and 40,000 rpm) and are not usually used in oral cavities. They are rather used to perform finishing touches on prosthetic dental pieces, and are always attached to the micromotor.
  • Contraangles: These instrumentsserve as a tool, allowing the elimination of cavities, preparation of cavities and crowns, removal of fillings, finishing and polishing of dental surfaces and restoration. These are low speed and high torque instruments.
  • Light-curing units: These lamps are used for light-curing dental materials, especially adhesives and composites. Via the usage of an emitted light that acts on light-curing materials, they allow for the polymerizationand curing of resin based composites in short amounts of time.

Equipment and machinery for dental clinics:

  • Autoclaves: To perform water vapour sterilization at temperatures above 100°C, a Class B autoclave is required in your standard Class B dental office.
  • X-rays:X-rays allow for a meticulous dental diagnosis, it is very common in dentistry to perform radiographic examinations. There are different types of radiographic devices that can be used in a dental clinic, such as development boxes, intensifiers, negatoscopes, films, X-ray holders, X-ray positioners, protection materials, cleaning materials, x-ray protectors, sensor protectors, detachers, developers, fixators, fixators, etc…

Office furniture and other important items :

  • Dental clinic lightning : Practice lamps are an essential instrument in dental clinics. They consist of an arm and an articulated head, designed with a concave surface that reflects halogen or LED light, at an appropriate kelvin temperature, helping the dentist work with minimal eye wear. These lamps can be fixed to the floor or wall.
  • Dental stools: Medical stools for dental clinics are a must, as the dentist must work as comfortable as possible, ergonomics are essential and a good tripod support is essential to avoid long-term back pain. Depending on the task to be performed, there are different types of stools: with or without armrests, specific to operating rooms..
  • Dental chair and dental unit: The purchase of a dental chair for dental clinics can include only the chair or form an entire unit with the usual handpiece equipment (micro-motor, contra-angle, turbine, ultrasound, etc.) as well as other basic elements such as autoclaves, water distillers, cup filling, etc. Depending on the model.

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